Preparation for your Camino

On your Camino de Santiago, it is not necessary to be in perfect health, but some preparation for your Camino is recommended to get your body and mind ready.

On your Camino de Santiago you will walk for many days in many different conditions – heat, rain, wind. Regular exercise or a simple preparation plan will help to avoid possible injury.

A windy and wet scene on the camino de santiago.
Wind on the Camino Francés, 2013

a) Prepare Mentally

The Camino de Santiago is much more than walking a route. For some, this may be a once in a life time experience, while others are lost to the obsession (like me!). Decide on the reasons you are doing the Camino – is it a challenge?is it to learn more about Spain?, for religious reasons? or none of the above. For me, it is a great way to get away from niggling distractions at home and work. It is a great place to be to just switch off, while at the same time admire at the beauty of the surroundings. I just love Spain!

b) Decide on a Camino

There are many different Caminos with varying degrees of difficulty. The below map designed by Michael Matanka at Wise shows the many different routes to Santiago. It is an incredibly detailed map and I encourage any pilgrim to buy it to hang it in their home.

Wise pilgrim large map

Next, you need to ask how many days you can travel and what time of the year you wish to do the Camino? From these answers, you can make your choice. Also, it is entirely up to you how long you walk on your Camino. If you have 5 weeks vacation, the Camino Francés or Camino del Norte might be suitable. At present, I don’t have the time to complete the Camino Francés and I usually travel to Spain for two weeks each year. For those of you like me, the below video may be helpful, but it is different for each person. The Camino Francés is by far the most popular route to walk so if you have plans to walk during the Summer, expect a large number of pilgrims. However, if you walk a quieter route in the off-season, you may struggle to see another pilgrim. The most important thing, if you want to achieve a compostela, is you need to start at least 100 km from Santiago and receive at least two stamps per day.

c) Research, Research, Research

After you decide what route you want to walk, the next step is doing the research – the most exciting part. I found that all the information I needed could be found on various websites, youtube clips, podcasts, forums and blogs. That said, it is important to speak to pilgrims who have walked one of the many Caminos to get an idea of what is right and what is wrong.

Joining your local Camino association (in my case Camino Society Ireland) can be a real good help. Here you can meet pilgrims who have already walked many of the different Caminos and “have caught the bug”. They will be more than happy to answer any questions you have about your upcoming Camino. It is also a good place to get your first sello (or stamp) for your pilgrim passport. Most Camino associations meet regularly for practice walks which can be really rewarding. Some also provide information days offering tips on preparation and a breakdown of each of the main routes of the Camino.

YouTube is a great source of information but you can find the answer to every question on the Camino forum or on a Facebook group like this one. I found Ivar’s forum shortly after I returned after my first Camino in 2011. I gained a wealth of information from veteran pilgrims so it is recommended to join up there!

d) Useful Planning Links

I have collated a number of resources that I have used to help me prepare my various Caminos throughout the years. Some may prove worthwhile to you. If you know of others, please let me know. I can add them to the list for others to view. You can let me know by emailing here. I hope some of the links help you on your preparation for your Camino.

You can find these links here.

e) Packing Kit Lists

Having the right kit is essential. Some pilgrims would consider kit the most important part of preparation but it is useless unless you are fit to travel. Since I walked my first Camino to Santiago in 2011, I have walked each year. With plenty of research and with help from friends in Santiago and at home, my packing list has transformed through the years. For a new pilgrim, I would take the time to research gear and kit before rushing to make a purchase, especially if it is an expensive item, like a backpack or trail shoes.

The essential items, like passport, your pilgrim passport, boots or shoes, backpack and sleeping back or liner, should be put to the top of your list.

You can download a free packing list here to use as a guide for your preparation.

Lowe Alpine backpack camino de santiago
Lowe Alpine backpack

If you are looking for a packing list written from a female perspective, Linda from has posted her packing list and she has great tips on preparation for her upcoming Camino. You can check that out here.

f) Camino de Santiago Guidebooks

Below are a list of books I own and links who where you can purchase them. These editions may have been updated:

  • The Camino Portugués – A Wise Pilgrim Guide (link for purchase)
  • The Camino Francés – A Wise Pilgrim Guide (link)
  • A Pilgrim’s Guide to the Camino de Santiago – John Brierley (link)
  • A Pilgrim’s Guide to the Camino Portugués – John Brierley (link)
  • St Jean Pied de Port – Finisterre – Maps Only – John Brierley (discontinued)
  • Michelin Camino Frances Maps 2014 edition (link to 2018 edition)
  • Camino de Santiago – Way of St James from the Pyrenees to Santiago (Rother Walking Guide) (link)
  • Camino de Madrid – CSJ Guide by Johnnie Walker (link)
  • The Northern Caminos – Laura Perazzoli and Dave Whitson (link)
  • Camino Ingles – CSJ Guide by Johnnie Walker (link)
  • Walking Guide to Via de la Plata and Camino Sanabrés – Gerald Kelly (link)
Camino portugues guidebook

g) Useful information before you go